讲座内容：Resilience & Smart City
宣讲人：Prof. Philippe GOURBESVILLE：Director of Polytech Nice Sophia – Engineering school of University Nice – Sophia Antipolis
During the last decade, urban development has reached new submits with generation of mega cities that concentrates several millions of inhabitants. Those new urban environments represent unknown challenges for modern societies that are still using – implicitly or explicitly – the same concepts for urban development since millennia. Sustainability of urban centres is today a major priority that has to be approached in a holistic way. The size of cities requests to rethink and review some of the engineering concepts that are currently used and to shift from the centralized approach to the distributed and connected paradigm. At the same time, gradual sophistication of urban environment has generated a significant increase of global vulnerability regarding extreme weather events that are frequently affecting urban communities. Recent examples in North America, Europe and Asia have clearly underlined the limits of the classical engineering approach used for the design of structural protections and have pushed to develop a risk culture for promoting awareness and adequate answers. In this context, the resilience has emerged as a new paradigm that mays provide an alternative, relevant and holistic approach for urban environments facing major challenges with extreme weather events. Today, many definitions could be found for urban resilience. In order to bring resilience within the daily engineering practice, it is essential to equip the paradigm with practical methods and tools. The starting point is based on the description of the urban environment with functions and services. Events such as floods and inundations, droughts, snowstorms are affecting such functions and services. The capacity of each house, each block, district and city to recover and to restore functions and services after a crisis could be defined as resilience. This capacity can be easily analysed by inhabitants, engineers, urban planners and policy makers in order to achieve a first shared diagnostic. Projects that could provide improvements can be evaluated through the same protocol and compared with the current situation. Then decision can be made for the solution that is providing the best answer. The presentation will address a diversity of situations and presents how the resilience could be introduced in an operational way for engineering design.
Full Professor –Polytech Nice Sophia / University of Nice-Sophia Antipolis
Sept.2007-Aug.2018 Director of Polytech Nice Sophia – Engineering school of University Nice – Sophia Antipolis (www.polytechnice.fr)
Since Sept.1997 Associate Professor and Full Professor – University of Nice - Sophia Antipolis & Polytech Nice Sophia.
2002 - 2007 Dean of Geographic Sciences faculty.
2005 - 2007 Responsible for implementation of new financial management for University of Nice-Sophia Antipolis.
2004 – 2006 Member of Administration Council – University of Nice – Sophia Antipolis.
Since 2004 Coordinator of the European joint master degree (MSc) “Euro-Aquae - Hydroinformatics and Water Management”, master course supported by the European Commission through the Erasmus Mundus framework.(1) Coordinator of the EuroAquae consortium created by the 5 European universities and issuing jointly the master degree (www.euroaquae.org).
Since 2016 Coordinator of EU Horizon 2020 - the Framework Programme for Research and Innovation (2014-2020)
Disaster-Resilience: Safeguarding and Securing Society, including Adapting to Climate Change (DRS-3-2015)
Since 2002 Coordinator of European Intensive Program Hydro-Europe under Erasmus framework (www.hydroeurope.org)
Since 2007 Coordinator of Intensive Framework Hydro-Asia (www.hydroasia.org)
Since 2008 Coordinator of ICI-ECP program: “Euro-Korea Hydroinformatics and water management” involving EuroAQuae consortium and University of Incheon and Seoul National University (Korea)
Since 2000 Director of M.Sc “Hydroprotech - Gestion de projets hydro technologiques et environnementaux” (www.unice.fr/hydroprotech).
Since 2007 - Member of the Council of the International Association of Hydraulic Engineering and Research (2007) – Representing France & Europe.
Since 2005 Coordinator of “Eco-Imagine” project under FP 6 / Action Marie Curie Action – focused on Integrated Coastal Zone Management.
2004 - 2006 Chairman – Local Organizing Committee for the 7th International Conference on HydroInformatics. HIC 06 (Nice Acropolis – 4 to 7 September 2006) under high patronage of Mister the President of French Republique , Mister Jacques Chirac.
1988 -1997 Project engineer & head of Hydraulic/Environment department – SOGETI Counsulting 387, rue des Champs 76231 Bois-Guillaume – France.
o 2011 - Grand Prix Hydrotechnique from Société Hydrotechnique de France (SHF)
o 2009 – Knight in the Order of Academic Palms Award
Invited and visiting Professor
University of Technology Brandenburg Cottbus (Germany)
University of Sciences and Economy Budapest (Hongry)
Polytechnic University of Catalunya - Barcelone (Spain)
Newcastle University (United Kingdom)
Vrije Universiteit Brussel (Belgium)
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale Lausanne (Switzerland)
Tianjin University (China)
Hohai University (China)
North China University of Water Resources and Electric Power (China)
Beijing University of Technology (China)
China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research (China)
Asian Institute of Technology (Thailand)
Incheon University (Korea)
National University of Singapore (Singapore)
Indian Institute of Science Bangalore (India)
Indian Institute of Technology Madras (India)
Kyoto University (Japan)
McGill University (Canada)